Yoga Sutra Bibliography

Aranya, H. Yoga Philosophy of Patanjali. Albany, N.Y.: SUNY Press, 1983.

Atmananda, Swami. Raja Yoga of Patanjali or the science of Yoga. In Swami Atmananda, The Four Yogas: The Four Paths to Spiritual Enlightenment (in the Words of Ancient Rishis). 2d ed. Bombay, India: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, 1991, pp. 109-158.

Baba, Bangali. Yogasutra of Patanjali with the Commentary of Vyasa. Delhi, India: Motilal Banarsidass, 1976, 2002 (reprint).

Bahm, Archie J. Yoga: Union with the Ultimate. A New Version of the Ancient Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. New York: Frederick Ungar Publishing, 1961.

Bailey, Alice. The Light of the Soul, Its Science and Effects: The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. Lucis Publishing, 1998.

Ballantyne, J. R., and Govind Sastrideva. Yogasutra of Patanjali. Calcutta, India: Susil Gupta Pr. Ltd., 1960. Includes translation of original text of Patanjali’s Yoga-Sutra and Bhojaraja’s commentary. Provides the original Sansktrit sutras.

Basu, B. D., ed. The Yogasutras of Patanjali. Alahabad, India: Panini Office, 1924. Contains the Yoga-Sutra and Vyasa-Bhashya in Sanskrit, with English translation, along with an English translation of Vachaspati Mishra’s commentary on the Vyasa-Bhashya. 

Bharati, Swami Veda (Pandit Usharbudh Arya). Yoga-Sûtras of Patanjali with the Exposition of Vyâsa: A Translation and Commentary. Volume I: Samâdhi-pâda. Honesdale, Pa.: The Himalayan International Institute of Yoga Science and Philosopy, 1986.

___________. Yoga-Sûtras of Patanjali with the exposition of Vyâsa: A Translation and Commentary. Volume II: Sâdhana-Pâda. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 2001.

Bhaskarananda, Swami. Meditation, Mind and Patanjali’s Yoga: A Practical Guide to Spiritual Growth for Everyone. Vedanta Press.

Bouanchaud, Bernard. The Essence of Yoga: Reflections on the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. Rudra Press, 1997.

Bryant, Edwin. Samadhipada: Sutras 1 & 2, Yoga Sutras of Patanjali and Its Commentaries. Namarupa, Spring 2003, pp. 33-38.

___________. Samadhipada: Sutras 3 & 4, Yoga Sutras of Patanjali and Its Commentaries. Namarupa, Winter 2004, pp. 36-37.

___________. Yoga Sutras of Patanjali and Its Commentaries. Oxford World Classics, forthcoming.

Chapple, C., and E. P. Kelly. The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. Sri SatGuru Publ., 1990.

Codd, Clara M. Introduction to Patanjali’s Yoga. Theosophical Publishing House, 1966.


Das, Baba Hari. The Yoga Sutras, Chapter One: A Guide to Samadhi Pada.

Dasgupta, S. N. The Study of Patanjali. Calcutta, India: University of Calcutta, 1920. 

De Michelis, Elizabeth. A History of Modern Yoga: Patanjali and Western Esotericism. New York: Continuum International Publishing Group, 2004.

Deshpande, P. Y. The Authentic Yoga: Patanjali’s Yoga Sutras with a New Translation, Notes, and Comments. London: Vintage/Ebury (Random House), 1989. An interpretation of 55 of the sutras.

Desikachar, T. K. V. Reflections on the Yoga Sutra-s of Patanjali. India: Krishnamacharya Yoga Mandiram. 

Dragonetti, Fernando Tola Carmen. The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. Translated into English from the revised original Spanish by K. D. Prithipaul. Delhi: Motilal Banarasidass, 1991.

Dvivedi, M. N. The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. Madras, India: The Theosophical Publishing House, 1947. (No commentary.)

Eliade, Mircea. Patanjali and Yoga. New York: Schocken Books, 1975. (Original French edition, 1962).

Feuerstein, Georg. The Yoga-Sutra of Patanjali: A New Translation and Commentary. Rochester, Vt.: Inner Traditions International, 1990. The most literal of all the translations; holds very closely to the original Sanskrit.

Gitananda Giri, Swami. Answers the question, “Did Patanjali really exist or are the Yoga Sutras simply a collection of verses by a group of pandits with vested interest in propagating Yoga at a future time?” Yoga Life, Jul 2001, 32(7):5.

Govindan, Marshall. Kriya Yoga Sutras of Patanjali and the Siddhas: Translation, Commentary, and Practice. Kriya Yoga Publications, 2001.

Grinshpon, Yohanan. Silence Unheard: Deathly Otherness in Patanjala-Yoga. Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press, 2002. 

Hansaji. The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. Ongoing series in each issue of Yoga and Total Health, Mar 2003.

Hariharananda Aranya, Swami. Yoga Philosophy of Patanjali with Bhâsvatî. Trans. by P. N. Mukerji. Rev. by Adinath Chatterjee. Kolkata, India: University of Calcutta, 1977, 2000. Also available from Vedanta Press.

___________. Learning from life: Guiding the mind with Yoga Sutra. Yoga & Health, Dec 2004, pp. 8-9.

Houston, Vyaas. The Yoga Sutra Workbook. Available for purchase online: “Indispensable book for studying the Yoga Sutras. Each sutra on its own 8.5x11 page with plenty of room for notes. Includes Sanskrit text, transliteration, grammar and literal translation. ”

Huish, Matt. Break it down: The Yoga Sutras. YOGANorthwest, Jul-Aug 2002, pp. 16-17.

___________. Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. YOGANorthwest, Sep/Oct 2002, pp. 12-13. Iyengar, B. K. S. Yoga immortal. Yoga Rahasya, 1996, 3(4):11-18.

___________. What is citisakti? Yoga Rahasya, 1998, 5(2):27-29. Discusses the meaning of “citisakti,” with which Patanjali ends the Yoga-Sutra.

___________. Light on the Yoga Sûtras of Patanjali. London: Thorsons, 1993/New York: HarperCollins, 2003.

___________. Guruji on citi-sakti. Yoga Rahasya, 2003, 10(4):3-11..

Janacek, Adolf. The methodical principle in Yoga according to Patanjali’s Yoga-sutras, Archiv Orientalni, 1951, 19:514-667.

Johnston, Charles. The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: The Book of the Spiritual Man. Available to read online:

Judge, William Q. The Yoga Aphorisms of Patanjali. Theosophical University Press electronic edition. Originally published in 1889. Available for download online:

Kanjilal, P. Concept of mind in Patanjali Yoga Sutra. Ph.D. dissertation, Lucknow University, 1960.

Lahiri, Yogiraj Shayama Charan. Patanjali Yoga Sutra: Summary of Insight into Spiritual Sadhana.

Legget, Trevor. Sankara on the Yoga-Sutras. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1981/Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1996. A complete English translation of the Sanskrit sub-commentary Vivarana by Sankara on the Yoga-Sutra of Patanjali. Lorin, Francois. Introduction to the Philosophy of Patanjali. Lectures 1 and 2. Cambridge Yoga Publications, 1977.

Mehta, Rohit. Yoga, the Art of Integration: A Commentary on the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. Wheaton, Ill.: Theosophical Publishing House, 1990.

Miller, Barbara Stoller. Yoga: Discipline of Freedom: The Yoga Sutra Attributed to Patanjali. New York: Bantam, 1998. An easily readable interpretation of the Yoga-Sutra.

Niranjanananda Saraswati, Swami. Beyond the yoga of Patanjali. Yoga (Australia edition), Feb 1999.

Oberhammer, Von Gerhard. Meditation und Mystik im Yoga des Patanjali. Archiv fur indische Philosophie, [date unknown], pp. 98-118. [In German.]

Phillips, Stephen H. The conflict of voluntarism and dualism in the Yogasutra (or how to get mukti from metaphysics). Journal of Indian Philosophy, 1985, 13:399- 414.

___________. Vivekananda’s translation of the Yogasûtra. Paper presented at the Fourth International Congress of Vedanta, University of Miami, April 1992. Article available online:

___________. From the Yogasûtra. In Robert Solomon and Kathleen Higgins, eds., World Philosophy. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1995. Article available online: A translation of part of the Yoga-Sûtra.

___________. PHL 356: Yoga as Philosophy and as Practice course. University of Texas at Austin. URL: Professor Phillips’ email: Plasha, Rhadeya Michael. Exploring the Essence of Patanjali’s Yoga workshop (three days). Held at Kripalu Center, Lenox, Massachusetts. URL: Pfleuger, Lloyd. Ph.D. dissertation on the Yoga-Sutra. University of California, Santa Barbara, 1990. Good translation, with a translation of Vyasa’s commentary.

Prabhavananda, Swami. The Eight Limbs of Yoga: Steps to Achieving Perfection video. Vedanta Press. Filmed in 1971. 2 videos, each 100 minutes.

___________, and Christopher Isherwood. How to Know God: The Yoga Aphorisms of Patanjali. Hollywood, Calif.: Vedanta Press, 1953/London: Allen & Unwin, 1960/New York: Mentor, 1969.

Prasada, Rama. Patanjali’s Yoga Sutras with the Commentary of Vyasa and the Gloss of Vachaspati Misra. Delhi, India: Oriental Books, 1978. Contains the Sanskrit, including translations of the individual words of the sûtras. 

Premeshananda, Swami. Patanjali’s Yoga Sutras—An exposition. Prabuddha Bharata, Sep 2003, pp. 40-44.

___________. Patanjali’s Yoga Sutras—An exposition (chapter 3). Prabuddha Bharata, Mar 2004, 109:38-42.

Rham, Cat de, and Michelle Gill. The Spirit of Yoga. London:Thorsons. 

Rosen, Richard. Surveying the sutras. Yoga Journal, Jan/Feb 2003, pp. 155-157. Reviews several editions of the Yoga-Sutra.

Rukmani, T. S. The problem of the authorship of the Yogasutrabhasyavivarana. Journal of Indian Philosophy, 1992, 20:419-423.

___________. Tension between vyutthana and nirodha in the Yoga-Sutras. Journal of Indian Philosophy, 1997, 25:613-628.

___________. Yogavartika of Vijnanabhiksu. 4 Vol. Munshiram Manoharlal.

___________. Yogasutrabhasyavivarana of Sankara. 2 Vol. Munshiram Manoharlal. Excellent.

Sastri, Polkam Sri Rama, and S. R. Krishnamurthi Sastri, eds. Patanjala-YogasutraBhasya Vivaranam of Sankara Bhagavatpada. Madras, India: Government Oriental Manuscripts Library, 1952.

Satchidananda, Swami. The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. Yogaville, Va.: Integral Yoga Publications, 1990.

Satyananda Saraswati, Swami. Four Chapters on Freedom: Commentary on the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. Munger, Bihar, India: Yoga Publications Trust.

Savitripriya, Swami. Psychology of Mystical Awakening: Patanjali Yoga Sutras — A New World Translation. New World Hinduism Volume 1. Sunnyvale, Calif.: New Life Books, 1991.

Shearer, Alistair. The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. Bell Tower, 1982, 2002.

___________. Patanjali’s divine gift – part three: Unfolding enlightenment. Australian Yoga Life, 2003, no. 7, pp. 59-62.

Stephen, Daniel R. Patanjali for Western Readers: The Yoga Aphorisms of Patanjali Paraphrased and Modernized from Various English Translations and Recensions. London: Theosophical Publishing House, repr. 1919.

Stiles, Mukunda. Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: With Great Respect and Love. Boston: WeiserBooks, 2002.

Taimni, I. K. The Science of Yoga: A Commentary on the Yoga-Sutras of Patanjali in the Light of Modern Thought. Adyar, Madras, India: Theosophical Publishing, 1961, 1979.

Takagi, Shingen. On the “kriyâ-yoga” in the Yoga-Sûtra. Journal of Indian and Buddhist Studies, Dec 1966, 15(1):24-31.

S. N. Tandon. A Re-appraisal of Patanjali’s Yoga-Sutras in the Light of the Buddha’s Teaching. Igatpuri, Maharashtra: Vipassana Research Institute, 1995.

Varenne, Jean. Yoga and the Hindu Tradition. Delhi, India: Motilal Banarsidass, 1989.

Venkatesananda, Swami. The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. 3d ed. Rishikesh: The Divine Life Society. 

Vivekananda, Swami. Raja-Yoga. Ramakrishna Vivekananda Center, 1982. 

Whicher, Ian. The Integrity of the Yoga Darsana: A Reconsideration of Classical Yoga. SUNY Press, 1998. 

Williams, George. An Introduction to the Study of Yoga Aphorisms of Patanjali. An Adyar Pamphlet, Feb 1933, Issue 170.

Wood, Ernest. Practical Yoga: Ancient and Modern. N. Hollywood, Calif.: Wilshire Book Co., 1948, 1969.

Woods, James Haughton, trans. The Yoga System of Patanjali. Delhi, India: Motilal Banarasidass, 1966. First published by Harvard University Press, 1914.

___________. The Yoga-sûtras of Patanjali as illustrated by the comment entitled The Jewel’s Lustre or Maniprabha. [Source unknown.] Yogadarsanam of Patanjali. Varanasi, India: Bharatiya Vidya Prakasana, 1963. Yoga International. Ongoing series in Yoga International magazine on the Yoga-Sutra, bringing one verse per issue, with explanation.

Zambito, Salvatore. Unadorned Thread of Yoga: The Yoga-Sûtra of Patanjali in English. A Compilaton of Translations Arranged with an Original Exposition. Forthcoming. Part I offers a textual analysis of each sutra and a comparison of ten translations. Part II is a series of essays that briefly places the Yoga-Sûtra in its cultural context and overviews linguistic relativity. The appendixes include biographies of the translators, the author’s translation, and a comprehensive glossary.